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Sabtu, 04 Desember 2010

Wakatobi National Park

Posted by Adrx Travel On 23.00 No comments

Sea waters of eastern Indonesia today is still the world's best coral triangle. One is the Wakatobi National Park in Buton, Southeast Sulawesi. In the region, algae, shrimp, and plankton are available abundantly. When the ground force goes, "where there is sugar, there is an ant", then at sea in force is "where there is plankton, there would gather a lot of fish."

It is not surprising that the area became the location of "favorite" several species of fish in finding food. One type of fish that frequent travel to Wakatobi is the sperm whale (physeter macrocephalus). The giant mammals are known to move where when looking for food, between the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. Perhaps because of its large size, the pope took the feed in large numbers as well.

Normally, sperm whales flock located in the Wakatobi in November, while the other hemisphere frozen. In the relatively warmer waters of Wakatobi and abundance of food that could satiate the stomach herd of whales. At that moment, the sea monster assembled. Why is it called sea mustard? Because the sperm whale with characteristics similar to sperm-shaped white spots on the head was included in the order Cetacea, which in Greek means the sea monster.

In addition to sperm whales, the waters of Wakatobi also inhabited by another sea monster. For example, manta rays (manta ray) that belong to his body size and shape like a giant sea monster. Manta rays are one type of fish that distinctive and unique, which is only found in tropical waters.

Concerning marine biodiversity, scale and condition of corals, Wakatobi occupy one of the highest priority position of marine conservation in Indonesia. It is also an important part in a network that meets each of the Marine Protected Areas along the southeast coast of Sulawesi. With a total area reached 1.39 million hectares, this park includes the islands Perfume-scented, Kaledupa, Tomia, and Binongko.

Wakatobi National Park has the potential of marine natural resources that both types of high value and uniqueness, with stunning panoramic underwater. In general, sea water has a flat configuration from the start until the sloping toward the sea, and in some areas there is a rugged steep waters. The depth of the water varies. The deepest reaches 1044 meters with a floor of most of the sandy and rocky.

Wakatobi has 25 pieces with clusters of coral reefs around the coast of coral islands along the 600 km. More than 112 coral species from 13 families including Acropora formosa, A. hyacinthus, Psammocora profundasafla, Pavona cactus, Leptoseris yabei, Fungia molucensis, Lobophyllia robusta, Merulina ampliata, Platygyra versifora, Euphyllia glabrescens, Tubastraea frondes, Stylophora pistillata, throchelliophorum Sarcophyton, and Sinularia spp.

According to official sources in the Ministry of Forestry, Wakatobi least inhabited by 93 species of fish consumption and trade in ornamental fish, including spot argus (Cephalopholus argus), takhasang (naso unicornis), pogo-pogo (Balistoides viridescens), napoleon (Cheilinus undulatus), fish red (Lutjanus biguttatus), baronang (Siganus guttatus), Amphiprion melanopus, Chaetodon specullum, Chelmon rostratus, Heniochus acuminatus, Lutjanus monostigma, Caesio caerularea, and others.

In addition there are several species of sea birds such as goose-brown stone (Sula leucogaster plotus), kettle melayu (Charadrius peronii), king prawn erasia (Alcedo atthis), there are also three species of sea turtles that often landed on islands in the Park: hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), turtle jars (Caretta caretta), and turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea).

The indigenous people who live around this park is a sea or a tribe called the Bajau tribe. According to the records of ancient Chinese and European explorers, boating humans are capable of being explored Merqui Islands, Johor, Singapore, Sulawesi and the Sulu Archipelago. From the whole human boating in Southeast Asia that still have traditional boating culture is the Bajau tribe. Their daily life is quite unique and interesting, especially their ability to dive into the ocean without diving equipment and tools to spear fish.

Hoga Island (Resort Kaledupa), Binongko Island (Resort Binongko), and Resort Tamia, is an interesting location to visit, especially for diving, snorkeling, marine tourism, swimming, camping, tourism and culture. The best season to visit this island is in April to June and October to December each year.

To reach the site, visitors can go from Kendari to smells with fast boats that operate regular twice daily, with a long trip or five hours every day with a timber ship for 12 hours. From smells to Lasalimu visitors can ride four-wheeled vehicle for two hours, then climb aboard the fast-Wanci Lasalimu for an hour or Lasalimu-Wanci wooden boat for 2.5 hours. Wanci is the first gate into the Wakatobi National Park area.

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